Textiles 101

Updated: Aug 4, 2018

"You can't wear suits in the summer, it's too hot."

You buy an item thinking it's perfect for summer because it's lightweight, next thing you know you're in the bathroom trying to dry your underarm sweat. Just because the style seems appropriate for the season doesn't mean it would work for your environment. Below are some of the most common textiles used in the fashion industry and when it's best to wear them.



Polyester

Durable and can be easily washed and dried.

Polyester is a strong fiber that is wrinkle and mildew resistant. This is one of the many reasons it is featured in almost every style of fashion, especially fast fashion like H&M and Forever21. You'll definitely be sweaty in the summer, but choosing a lighter option will reduce the chance of back sweat.



Cotton

One of the most breathable fabrics.

Cotton is soft but strong making it great for sensitive skin. This breathable fabric is more expensive than its counterparts and will shrink after washing and drying. Nevertheless, the fabric absorbs sweat allowing your body to regulate its temperature. Prices vary depending on where the cotton fabric is made.






Spandex

Stretchy and smooth to the touch.

Spandex is stronger than rubber. Think about that, it is an elasticized fabric that can withstand your workouts and the unexpected bend and snaps a la Elle Woods. This fabric is every customer's favorite: "Oh my this is sooooo stretchy and comfortable, I'm totally getting this." The most important part, it is resistant to body lotion, perspiration, and detergents. This means once wash your perfume won't linger, unless you use excessive amounts of perfume then I don't know. I'm just blogging in real time y'all, I don't have all the answers!



Rayon

The Ditto of frabics (Pokemon joke, Google it)

Rayon can imitate the feel of silk, cotton, wool, and linen. This is the first man-made fibre created in the 19th century as a replacement for silk. All those Hawaiian shirts you see in the summer, yeah many of them made out of rayon. Because of that you should follow care label instructions for the garment to last.



Resources used:

American Fiber Manufacturers Association

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Sewing Parts Online

Cotton INC.



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